客 厅 Livingroom
卧 室 Bedroom
书 房 Study
阁 楼 Loft
楼 梯 Stair
楼梯间 Stir Well
玄 关 Entrance
厨 房 Kitchen
ground plan 平面图
floor, storey 层
ground floor 第一层 (美作:first floor)
flat 套 (美作:apartment)
stair well 楼梯间
lift shaft (美作:elevator shaft)
fire escape 防火梯
goods lift 公务电梯 (美作:freight elevator)
central heating 暖气
ventilation shaft 通风井
air conditioning 空调
herringbone parquet 人字形木条地板
main wall 承重墙
partition wall 隔断墙
skirting board 壁脚板
to whitewash 粉刷
attic, garret 阁楼
dining room 饭厅
living room 起居室
flat roof, roof garden 屋顶平台,屋顶花园
tile, roof tile 瓦
reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete 钢筋混凝土
corrugated iron 波状钢
quantity surveyor 施工技术员
civil engineer 道路工程师
master builder 营造商,建筑工程队队长
(master) bricklayer 泥瓦匠,砌砖工匠
hodman, hod carrier 小工
plumber's mate 管道工
painter, decorator 油漆工
crane driver 吊车司机
Interior design is based on the use of the nature of the buildings, the environment and the corresponding standards, the use of material and technical means and principles of architectural design to create a functional and reasonable, beautiful and comfortable to meet people's material and spiritual needs of the indoor environment. This not only has the use value of the space environment to meet the functional requirements, but also reflects the historical context, architectural style, the spirit of environmental factors such as the atmosphere. The meaning of the above, clearly the "create to meet the people's material and spiritual needs of the indoor environment" as the purpose of interior design, that is people-oriented, all centering on the lives of human productive activities and create a better indoor environment.
Modern interior design is the design of an integrated indoor environment, which includes the visual environment and the technical aspects of projects, including sound, light, heat and other physical environment and atmosphere, mood and other psychological and cultural connotations of the environment and so on.
One's life, the vast majority of time is spent indoors. Therefore, it is designed to create the indoor environment will certainly directly related to the indoor life, the quality of production activities related to people's safety, health, efficiency, comfort and so on.
The creation of the indoor environment should be conducive to the interests of safety and people's physical and mental health as the most important prerequisite for interior design. In addition to the indoor environment for people to have the use of arrangements such as material well-being of the functions light requirements, but also often with the type of buildings, the character of the indoor environment suited to the atmosphere, the spirit of style context, such as functional requirements.
As a result of the activities of people to live a long time indoors, so modern] interior design, or design of the indoor environment, relative to the design of a series of environment and people is most closely related to the link.
The overall interior design, including artistic styles, from the macro point of view, often from one side of the corresponding period reflects the social characteristics of the material and spiritual life. With the social development of the history of interior design, always with the imprint of the times, like a history book without words. This is because the idea of interior design from the design, construction techniques and decorative materials to the facilities, the inevitable and the community at that time the level of material production, socio-cultural and spiritual status of linked; in the interior space organization, layout and decoration of treatment, Generally speaking,
And also the philosophy, aesthetic point of view, socio-economic, such as closely related to the customs.
From the micro, individual works, the level of interior design, quality and the advantages and disadvantages of both professional designers and quality, such as culture and the arts together. As for the individual design of the final grade after the implementation of the outcome, but also and the works of construction and concrete technology, use of quality materials, facilities allocation, as well as with the builders (the owners) is closely linked to the co-ordination, that is, the design is a decisive the most critical link and the premise, but the quality of the final outcome depends on: Design - Construction - Materials (including facilities) - the relationship with the owners of overall co-ordination.
Interior design, from the overall design of the object to grasp the basis of factors are: the use of nature - Why kind of functional design of buildings and interior space; where places - the buildings and interior space of the surrounding environmental conditions; economic input -- The corresponding total project cost of investment and unilateral control over standards.
Design requires the use of material and technical means, that is, all kinds of decorative materials and facilities, equipment, etc., it is easy to understand; also need to follow the principles of architectural aesthetics, it is because of the artistic interior design, in addition with painting, sculpture and other art between the common aesthetic principles (such as symmetry, balance, proportion, rhythm, etc.) other than as 』『 architectural aesthetics, but also consider the use of integrated features, the structure of the construction, materials, equipment, a variety of factors such as cost criteria. Architectural aesthetics and always practical, technical, economic and other factors together, this is it different from painting, sculpture, etc. The difference lies pure art.
Modern interior design requirements of both high artistic quality, its content and design of high technological content, and with a number of emerging disciplines, such as: ergonomics, environmental psychology, physics, such as the environment are closely related. Modern interior design has been design in the environment has evolved into an independent series of emerging disciplines.
Indoor is human major life place, with social progress and development, people pay more and more attention to indoor environment, on indoor environmental requirements are constantly updated. Domestic bedroom layout can not only underlines the living space characteristics and style, directly affect people's life, work and study quality and showing one's family more can taste. Interior design is the comprehensive use of technical means, consider surrounding the role of environmental factors, make full use of the favorable conditions and play an active creative thinking, creating a accords with the physical function requirement, and live with people psychological requirements of the indoor environment. This article mainly from the interior design concept, design of the software and related used commonly used tools, concrete production steps in three aspects, thus make indoor research to pr...
GRG的定义：英文GLASS FIBER REINFORCE GYPSUM的缩写简称，GRG产品属于一种改良性预铸式主强纤维石膏装饰材料，采用优质天然石膏为基料，添加高强耐碱性玻璃纤维和微量环保添加剂，制成的预铸式新型装饰装料。产品表面光洁平滑呈白色，白度达到90以上，材质表面光洁、细腻，可以各种涂料及面饰材料良好的粘结，形成极佳的装饰效果。
GRC定义：GRC是英语Glassfibre Reinforced Concrete 的缩写。美式英语为Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete，缩写为：GFRC,中文是：玻璃纤维增强水泥。人们根据自己语言习惯不同，称它为GFRC，有的称为GRC，其实含义都是一样的。GRC是一种以耐碱玻璃纤维为增强材料、水泥砂浆为基体材料的纤维水泥复合材料，通过造型、纹理、质感与色彩表达设计师想象力的材料。它的突出特点是具有很好的抗拉和抗折强度，以及较好的韧性。市面上见到较多的本色的GGRC的应用在GRC建RC和彩色的GRC，即带饰面的GRC两种。
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